There are 68,663 identified gifted students in Colorado as of the 2014-2015 school year. That equates to 7.7% of the total student enrollment. All 58 Administrative Units report they have procedures in place to identify gifted students. The 2014-2015 gifted education categorical line item in the state education budget was $10,010,269. Any additional money for gifted education would be budgeted from individual school districts.
Terms that gifted families should be aware of in public schools throughout Colorado: Exceptional Children’s Education Act, Early Access, Concurrent Enrollment, RtI (Response to Intervention), 2e (Twice-Exceptional), ALP (Advanced Learning Plan), and ICAP (Individual Career and Academic Plan).
Listed below are the state definitions for Colorado. While the state definitions include age requirements, it is important to remember that these ages are defined only for the purpose of receiving services.
The state definition in the Colorado Exceptional Children’s Education Act CRS 22-20-202 (6)… "Gifted child" means a person from four to twenty-one years of age whose abilities, talents, and potential for accomplishments are so outstanding that he or she requires special provisions to meet his or her educational needs.
The state rules for Exceptional Children’s Education Act (1CCR 301-8, Section 12) expand the definition to…. “Gifted and Talented Children” means those persons between the ages of four and twenty-one whose abilities, talents, and potential for accomplishment are so exceptional or developmentally advanced that they require special provisions to meet their educational programming needs. Gifted and talented children are hereafter referred to as gifted students. Children under five who are gifted may also be provided with early childhood special educational services. Gifted students include gifted students with disabilities (i.e. twice exceptional) and students with exceptional abilities or potential from all socio-economic and ethnic, cultural populations.
Gifted students are capable of high performance, exceptional production, or exceptional learning behavior by virtue of any or a combination of these areas of giftedness:
1) General or Specific Intellectual Ability,
2) Specific Academic Aptitude,
3) Creative or Productive Thinking,
4) Leadership Abilities, and
5) Visual Arts, Performing Arts, Musical or Psychomotor Abilities.